Monaghan-Nichols, A. Paula|
Associate Professor, Neurobiology
Ph.D., MRC Human Genetics Unit, Edinburgh, Scotland (1990)
Address: 6065 Biomedical Science Tower 3
3501 Fifth Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3301
Genetic analysis of vertebrate CNS development
Dr. Monaghan's laboratory is interested in defining the molecular and cellular mechanisms that determine cell fate in the central nervous system and how disruption of these events leads to behavioral abnormalities. Relatively few genes have been identified which control development of structures within the brain that are essential for emotion and cognition. Dr. Monaghan and colleagues have cloned a number of genes in mice that show restricted patterns of expression in the developing brain. These genes code for transcription factors which are proposed to regulate key events in neurogenesis. Using genetic engineering, two of these genes, tailless and Spalt, have recently been mutated in mice. Tailless mutant animals exhibit profound behavioral abnormalities including poor cognition, hyperexcitibility, and severe aggressiveness. Spalt mutant animals do not feed and therefore die perinatally. In the future, this laboratory would like to use these animals to (1 analyze in more detail the developmental events at the molecular and cellular level that lead their respective phenotypes, (2) characterize the roles of these genes in the development of the nervous system and define the specific molecular pathways disrupted in these animals; (3) create temporally and spatially regulated conditional mutations in mice and decipher their anatomical and behavioral consequences, and, (4) clone additional novel genes required for the formation/function of the mammalian brain.
Sall1 regulates cortical neurogenesis and laminar fate specification in mice: implications for neural abnormalities in Townes-Brocks syndrome.
Comprehensive polyadenylation site maps in yeast and human reveal pervasive alternative polyadenylation.
New class of gene-termini-associated human RNAs suggests a novel RNA copying mechanism.
A sensitive non-radioactive northern blot method to detect small RNAs.
Sall genes regulate region-specific morphogenesis in the mouse limb by modulating Hox activities.
Sall3 is required for the terminal maturation of olfactory glomerular interneurons.
Sall1 regulates mitral cell development and olfactory nerve extension in the developing olfactory bulb.
Abnormal development of zinc-containing cortical circuits in the absence of the transcription factor Tailless.
© Copyright 2001 - University
of Pittsburgh Department of Neurobiology